Three Branches of Government
Every law established in the United States must agree with the United States Constitution. The authors of the U.S. Constitution wanted to create a document that clearly explained how our government would be run, and they wanted to avoid the possibility of any one person having all of the power of government in our new country. The U.S. Constitution sets out that America will have three branches of government, and each branch of government will have its own responsibilities:
- The Legislative Branch – Makes the laws
- The Executive Branch – Enforces the laws
- The Judicial Branch – Interprets and applies the laws
- By establishing three branches of government, the Constitution created a system of checks and balances to assure that power would remain with the citizens of the land.
The State of Arkansas also has a Constitution, with many similarities to the U.S. Constitution. Arkansas has the same three branches of government serving as checks and balances for each other. The Arkansas Constitution may not contradict the U.S. Constitution.
Even the government of cities and towns includes the three branches of government. The local city commission makes the laws, the local police enforce the laws, and the local courts uphold the laws. This provides the balance of power required by the U.S. Constitution.